Powering data centres of the future
By Dave Sterlace, Global Head of Technology for Data Centre Industry Sector, ABB
Monday, 03 September, 2018
In the 19th century, Nikola Tesla’s alternating current (AC) caused ripples in the way power was transmitted. What distinguished AC — much to the chagrin of his employer and the inventor of direct current, Thomas Edison — was its ability to travel large distances and change voltage and direction.
Today, Tesla’s ingenious invention has paved way for technologies such as substations and transformers that make it possible for us to run everything from home appliances to railway networks. What it also helped create is a flexible source of electricity that gave its operators more control and choice.
The future of the data centre industry hinges on this flexibility, too. Data centres — a network of computer servers that remotely store, process and distribute information — have become indispensable in today’s digital world. The first image of a data centre that comes to mind is a large building that houses rows upon rows of servers, emanating a familiar hum as they send and receive millions of bytes of data every second.
However, the advent of technologies such as the Industrial Internet of Things, deep learning and cloud computing changed the way data is stored, processed and retrieved. Data centre infrastructure needs to be more elastic by expanding and contracting with demand or technology that can be quickly scalable. They need to have complete visibility of the operation to ensure that energy efficiency and uptime are at their maximum levels and connect with intelligent grids to give operators more control.
Like most technologies, data centres have also kept with Moore’s Law of being able to store larger amounts of data on smaller devices. Micro-modular systems, such as the Secure Edge Data Center (SEDC) developed by ABB, Hewlett Packard Enterprises and Rittal, which was unveiled at the Hannover Messe trade show in April, is a breakthrough in secure and scalable data centre technology. The SEDC blurs the line between data centres and IT capacity as it can be installed near industrial facilities within 12 weeks.
Often called the heart of the internet, the value of a data centre lies in its availability, and a host of supporting technologies such as heating, ventilation and air condition systems (HVAC) and data centre infrastructure management software, which help increase their efficiency. One such technology is the ABB’s TruONE automatic transfer switch (ATS), which packages all necessary sensors and controllers into a single, easy-to-install device. TruONE helps improve protection and makes installation 80% faster, ensuring that the least amount of time is wasted while switching between loads.
The data storage industry is no more homogenous. Cloud-based data centres represent a faster rate of data delivery and improved performance, while renewable power sources are gaining traction globally. This rapidly evolving business needs equally robust and reliable grid connections, such as ABB’s smart grids and micro grids that work to reduce intermittency and, thereby, downtime.
Just as Tesla’s AC model has been a game changer in the power transmission universe, technological advances such as micro-modular and cloud-based data centres promise to transform the industry.
and brings with him more than 25 years of experience in critical power. Sterlace also chairs the marketing committee for The Green Grid, an industry organisation with a mission to drive accountable, effective, resource-efficient, end-to-end ICT ecosystems.
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